US wins WTO ruling against China grain import quotas - Agrovista Profits Latest Agriculture News and Updates

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Friday, April 19, 2019

US wins WTO ruling against China grain import quotas


The United States won a World Trade Organization (WTO) ruling on Thursday against China's use of tariff-rate quotas for rice, wheat and corn, which it successfully argued, limited market access for US grain exports.
The case, lodged by the Obama administration in late 2016, marked the second US victory in as many months. It came amid US-China trade talks and on the heels of Washington clinching a WTO ruling on China's price support for grains in March.
A WTO dispute panel ruled on Thursday that under the terms of its 2001 WTO accession, China's administration of the tariff rate quotas (TRQs) as a whole violated its obligation to administer them in a “transparent, predictable and fair basis”.
TRQs are two-level tariffs, with a limited volume of imports allowed at the lower 'in-quota' tariff and subsequent imports charged an “out-of-quota” tariff, which is usually much higher.
The administration of state trading enterprises and non-state enterprises' portions of TRQs are inconsistent with WTO rules, the panel said.
Australia, Brazil, India, and the European Union were among those reserving their rights in the dispute brought by the world's largest grain exporter.
In a statement, US Trade Representative (USTR) Robert Lighthizer and Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue welcomed the decision, saying China's system “ultimately inhibits TRQs from filling, denying US farmers access to China's market for grain”. If China's TRQs had been fully used, $3.5 billion worth of corn, wheat and rice would have been imported in 2015 alone, it saidciting US Department of Agriculture estimates.
China’s Ministry of Commerce said it “regrets” the panel's decision and that it would “earnestly evaluate” the report. China would “handle the matter appropriately in accordance with WTO dispute resolution procedures, actively safeguard the stability of the multilateral trading system and continue to administer the relevant agricultural import tariff quotas in compliance with WTO rules”, a statement said.
Source;BL

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