“Agriculture Income Can Be Double up By 2022 " But Not On the Basis Of Market Stakes” - Agrovista Profits Latest Agriculture News and Updates


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Sunday, April 2, 2017

“Agriculture Income Can Be Double up By 2022 " But Not On the Basis Of Market Stakes”


Picture source;   www.catchnews.com      

Shailesh Saxena

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi desire to double the income of farmers by the year 2022,  has evoked strong responses from various analysts, experts, and the media. The goal has been dubbed as impossible and unrealistic. This invited an even stronger reaction and criticism. Some commentators have produced calculations that agriculture will require an annual growth of 14.86 percent per year for the next five years to double the income of farmers, and pointed out that this growth level hasn’t been achieved even for a single year in Indian agriculture.  PM’s  dream to see farmers double their income by 2022 when the country completes 75 years of independence. The time horizon to reach his dream is very clear in his statement. It is obvious that he is referring to a doubling of farmer income of the agricultural year 2015-16 by the agricultural year 2022-23  He weaves his strategy with programmes such as distribution of soil health cards and neem-coated urea for the health of ‘Mother Earth’, more resources for irrigation and use of MGNREGS for recharging ground water through check dams and farm ponds construction. The picture is rounded out with the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (crop insurance) and e-market platform 
 As far as my opinion is a concern it is quite possible but before that, we have to remove the risks of market stakes that prevails in the agriculture product marketing    and   we have to consider the prevailing fact that  the Indian farmers  are  tumultuously  trapped   by  increasing price volatility, with sharp swings in product and input prices. Markets have been affected by macro-economic disturbances and adverse weather events such as floods and droughts during last two years. The latter may become more frequent through climate change increasing adverse conditions for the farming in the country. farming income has also been decreased due to the demonetization as per an estimate vegetable farmers has faced 50% to 70% losses.
Under these prevailing circumstances, It’s a very interesting the discussions are still revolving around that How to increase productivity? How to increase irrigation network, Crop insurance and strengthen the E- NAM in the country.
In India, only 1.3% people receives the salary and this includes private sector also just reverse to this 52% or more population that is approx 60 crore people are dependent on agriculture and these people are not getting their minimum wages as per the recommendation of  Indian labor meet  1957  the minimum wages should be on the basis of basic human needs and for that, some guidelines are framed ---
  • The cost of three consumption units- husband, wife and two children for one earner. Income from women and children should be ignored
  • Satisfy the minimum food requirement of 2700 calories per person
  • Clothing requirement of 72 yards for a family annually
  • Rent of the minimum area as specified by Government’s Industrial Housing Scheme
  • 20% of minimum wage should be the cost of fuel and miscellaneous items of expenditure

1991: Hon’ble Supreme court’s judgment in the case of Rep takes & Co. specified that 25% of the minimum wages should also account for Children’s education, required medical expenses, recreation in festivals/ceremonies and provision for old age and marriage. National Commission on Rural Labor (NCRL) recommended the government to introduce a national minimum wage floor level for uniformity.
In other words above described  criteria’s are only   the basis to decide the minimum wages in the country   and all the government employees , economist , policy makers  received their wages as per guidelines given by supreme court  but this is very unfortunate that  when these groups of country’s economist, policy makers  meet to  decide  the enhancement  of farmers income  they people just ignore the criteria’s framed by supreme court for the minimum wages for the rest of the country . This shows their double standards that are for their own shake they follow the supreme court criteria’s but at the same time, they ignore the criteria’s when they have to decide the minimum wages for rest of the country population and left them in the hands of the market fluctuations.
Recently tons of the tomato was on the roads of the Chhattisgarh state after getting the bumper production asks these farmers that what is a market dictatorship. ? Ask the meaning of the market from the sugarcane farmers families of UP and Karnataka, who committed suicides in waiting to get their payment from the sugar mills.
  There are needs on the priority basis that how we can tackle such kind of misbalance situations at the base levels and these all above-described points are the basic facts and these points have no relation to the productivity of the crop.
If productivity of the crops is the only reason for the worst agriculture  scenario of the country then what is the reason behind the  huge number of suicide by  the Punjab farmers Still Punjab is top on the charts of the productivity at world level data of 45q/ha of wheat production and 60q/ha of rice production. With an irrigation of 98%  and not a single day passes away with a sad news of a farmers suicide.

Recently agricultural economist, researchers, agriculture workers assemble in Hyderabad to prepare a protective income plan model for the farmers as per the guidelines are given by the supreme court in 1991 to live a respectable life in the  society and  in  the first week  of Jan 2017 again 10   economist , policy researchers assemble in a workshop in Kerala with a Idea that to pay farmer on the basis of natural resources protection service provided by the farmer during the farming  .
Farmers and other public bodies are making their demands to follow the Swaminathan committee report in which there is a recommendation of the National Commission on Farmers - to provide the minimum price of the total cost of production plus 50%. In this report, it is also highlighted that only 6% of the farmers get the benefit of the MSP and for rest of the 94% farmers there is no way to provide the economic help. MSP  may be one of the ways to give a fixed income to farmers but for rest of the farmers, we have to discover the new road map for fixed farmer income.
Govt. employee at lowest position received a fixed salary of 18,000/= per month and whereas agriculture labor received the minimum wages of 351/= per day under these circumstances we can’t leave the farmer to trap in the interest hazard.
According to an estimate to produce less costly grains farmer pays 12 lakhs crore  If we consider the services given by the farmer to protect the environment then per hac 14,000/= income is quite justified. it is a just an estimate and we have to make this as a base before forming any policy for the double up the farmer income.
Now the time has arrived to rethink to increase the farmer income Before we take the decision we have to think beyond the privatization of  agriculture markets, and it is very unfortunate that economist  understand that  investment in agriculture is a business