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Tuesday, February 28, 2017

" Circular Economy In Agriculture"

" Circular Economy In  Agriculture" 

     A New World From The Same Sources

Image Source;  sustainable media

Over the decades after the  green revolution phase, Indian Agriculture is still passing through  a linear economy phase ie disposal model of production, Recently  the stark observation made in the Economic Survey of 2015-16 that “Indian agriculture, is in a way, a victim of its own past success – especially the green revolution”, shows the dark reality of the agriculture sector at present and the havoc that has been wreaked by the green revolution
Before anything else, So there it needs to happen in the mind: we need to stop treating agriculture as a battle against nature, requiring ever stronger (chemical) weaponry to gain the highest possible yields and instead adopt an approach of working with nature. By developing innovative solutions that strengthen the natural resistance of crops against pests and diseases and increase their capacity for nutrient uptake. And no, this is not blue eyed, naive thinking. It is already happening in health care, where the awareness is gaining ground that preventive measures that increase health and the optimal performance of the body are not only effective but also offer the huge return on investment, as minor preventive investments and efforts generate huge benefits by greatly reduced curative costs. The exact same principles apply to agriculture. Strengthening nature and working with it instead of battling against it.

Why adopt a Circular Economy?

With a rapidly growing population of India which will be reaching  1.8 billion by 2050 demanding for a better life: jobs, higher income as well as the better environment to live in, the pressing need for sustainable development has become a high priority on the agenda of the central government.
What is a Circular Economy?
A Circular Economy is an economy which balances economic development with environmental and resources protection. It puts emphasis on the most efficient use and recycling of resources, and environmental protection. A Circular Economy features low consumption of energy, low emission of pollutants and high efficiency. It involves applying Cleaner Production in companies, eco-industrial park development and integrated resource-based planning for development in industry, agriculture and urban areas.

Need of Circular Economy in India   for long-term prosperity;

picure source ; Ellen Mac Arthur foundation
Recent report  Rethinking growth for long-term prosperity, produced by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) as Knowledge Partner and funded by Climate Works Foundation, reveals that in addition to creating cost savings for businesses and households, following a circular economy development path would reduce negative externalities: A circular development path would largely capture the opportunities of digitalisation, recovery of nutrients, and urban farming, decreasing the cost of food production and increasing food security. Quantified benefits Overall, following a circular economy development path could generate annual benefits of ₹3.9 lakh crore (US$ 61 billion) in 2050, compared with the current development path. Following the circular path would also reduce negative environmental impact, with 31% less GHG emissions from agriculture, 71% less use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, and water consumption for irrigation almost halved. Per capita spend on food would be 19% lower following a circular development path

Over the past decade, while India has enjoyed an average annual growth rate of 7.1 percent, the country’s economic achievements have been largely gained through a high consumption of resources and ecological degradation (polluted rivers, cleared mountains, depleted soil, and coal and sites full of toxic materials). To meet the needs for development while restoring the health of ecosystems,  India must follow a development different from the industrialization model of the West. The Circular Economy is one response to this situation
With over 1,3 billion people and a GDP growth of 7% per year, India faces new challenges in terms of resources and energy consumption. It has become a necessity to control GHG emissions, waste generation, and pollution, erosion of natural capital… That is why we think that the circular economy model is an opportunity for India to be able to reach a long-term prosperity economy.

How Do we Develop the Circular Economy;
we should change and reorganize our world around four main elements:
(1) redesign supply chains; (2) innovation and technology development; (3) change in consumer behavior; (4) policies and regulations that enable such changes.

 In addition with above points must focus on certain important points like …….    
 A) Agricultural faculties, especially in India,  are not so well coordinated with Agricultural ministry due to many reasons. Agriculture policies handled mostly by Agriculture ministries and most Agriculture innovations come from them.(suppose  If, due to climate change, farmers will be in need of numerous new cultivars. For new varieties of nonhybrid AG plants, we can not leave Agriculture ministry institution alone (Hybrids are preferred private sector) by. We have to orient all manpower of universities to start with the characterization of existing plant material and further genetically improvement and plant breeding. This mean, we have to develop strategic ideas and reorient our AG policies to make use existing facilities to promote innovation for our future AG economy.

b ) Innovation should never be a goal in itself. This is a mistake that is too often made those days. For many difficulties and even problems, the solution lays in well-known and fully developed techniques.
 c)In farming, many solutions lay in the experiences of people on the spot. Soil quality and climate circumstances are known by local farmers, not by international knowledge institutions.
Of course, international parties who finance and research agriculture can play an important role in food security. But the innovations they launch, are seldom effective if they are expensive, complicated or depend on international companies.
d) Farmers are innovators, yet there is little interest in this aspect of their work. Pulling together these ideas and publishing them has a value which could go much further. I see farming innovations every day and know that many ideas, especially those which might compromise sales of existing farm inputs, are hard to disseminate.

If we look to the world, to nature, to the universe, everything is circular. Everything in the universe turns and processes in circles. Life itself is circular. Nature has already discovered that you can only keep a process going when it is circular.
We often talk about the scarcity of raw materials, including agricultural crops. This is true  and untrue at the same time since in reality there are no scarce resources; we just make them scarce. When you think about it, there are no atoms leaving our planet, except perhaps for some helium. Almost all atoms stay on earth, but often at a different location or blended and mixed in a different way.
We can not feed our coming generations with our present approach of linear economics  and we need to make it circular  to make a better world